apache伪静态中超过9个参数如何配置

发布时间:2016-04-20 14:15:24编辑:丝画阁阅读(421)

一共11个参数,红色标注的就是应该匹配的参数.由于apache中最多配置参数为9个,当超过9个的参数时,剩余参数可以当成一个参数进行传递,通过rewite标志C进行关联.

apaceh配置:

RewriteRule ^(.*)/([a-zA-Z]+)/product/list_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)_(.*)\.html$   $1/$9.htmls=Home/Goods/lists/tid/$2/cata/$3/catb/$4/catc/$5/catd/$6/cate/$7/catf/$8  [C,NC]

RewriteRule ^(.*)/([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)\.html(.*)$    $1/index.php?$5//price/$2/order/$3/p/$4  [QSA,L,NC]


IIS中web.config文件中

                <rule name="已导入的规则 8">
                    <match url="^([a-zA-Z]+)/product/list_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+).html$" ignoreCase="false" />
                    <action type="Rewrite" url="index.php?s=Home/Goods/lists/tid/{R:1}/cata/{R:2}/catb/{R:3}/catc/{R:4}/catd/{R:5}/cate/{R:6}/catf/{R:7}/price/{R8}/order/{R:9}/p/{R:10}" appendQueryString="true" />
                </rule>


Rewrite标志

R[=code](force redirect) 强制外部重定向

G(force URL to be gone) 强制URL为GONE,返回410HTTP状态码。

P(force proxy) 强制使用代理转发。

L(last rule) 表明当前规则是最后一条规则,停止分析以后规则的重写。

N(next round) 重新从第一条规则开始运行重写过程。

C(chained with next rule) 与下一条规则关联

如果规则匹配则正常处理,该标志无效,如果不匹配,那么下面所有关联的规则都跳过

T=MIME-type(force MIME type) 强制MIME类型

NS (used only if no internal sub-request) 只用于不是内部子请求

NC(no case) 不区分大小写

QSA(query string append) 追加请求字符串

NE(no URI escaping of output) 不在输出转义特殊字符

例如:

RewriteRule /foo/(.*) /bar?arg=P1\%3d$1 [R,NE] 将能正确的将/foo/zoo转换成/bar?arg=P1=zed

PT(pass through to next handler) 传递给下一个处理

例如:

RewriteRule ^/abc(.*) /def$1 [PT] # 将会交给/def规则处理

Alias /def /ghi

S=num(skip next rule(s)) 跳过num条规则

E=VAR:VAL(set environment variable) 设置环境变量



RewriteCond标志符

'nocase|NC'(no case)忽略大小

'ornext|OR' (or next condition)逻辑或,可以同时匹配多个RewriteCond条件RewriteRule适用的标志符

'redirect|R [=code]' (force redirect)强迫重写为基于http开头的外部转向(注意URL的变化) 如:[R=301,L]

'forbidden|F' (force URL to be forbidden)重写为禁止访问

'proxy|P' (force proxy)重写为通过代理访问的http路径

'last|L' (last rule)最后的重写规则标志,如果匹配,不再执行以后的规则

'next|N' (next round)循环同一个规则,直到不能满足匹配

'chain|C' (chained with next rule)如果匹配该规则,则继续下面的有Chain标志的规则。

'type|T=MIME-type' (force MIME type)指定MIME类型

'nosubreq|NS' (used only if no internal sub-request)如果是内部子请求则跳过

'nocase|NC' (no case)忽略大小

'qsappend|QSA' (query string append)附加查询字符串

'noescape|NE' (no URI escaping of output)禁止URL中的字符自动转义成%[0-9]+的形式。

'passthrough|PT' (pass through to next handler)将重写结果运用于mod_alias

'skip|S=num' (skip next rule(s))跳过下面几个规则

'env|E=VAR:VAL' (set environment variable)添加环境变量


Rewrite时服务器变量:

HTTP headers:HTTP_USER_AGENT, HTTP_REFERER, HTTP_COOKIE, HTTP_HOST, HTTP_ACCEPT

connection & request: REMOTE_ADDR, QUERY_STRING

server internals: DOCUMENT_ROOT, SERVER_PORT, SERVER_PROTOCOL

system stuff: TIME_YEAR, TIME_MON, TIME_DAY


Rewrite规则表达式的说明:

. 匹配任何单字符

[chars] 匹配字符串:chars

[^chars] 不匹配字符串:chars

text1|text2 可选择的字符串:text1或text2

? 匹配0到1个字符

* 匹配0到多个字符

+ 匹配1到多个字符

^ 字符串开始标志

$ 字符串结束标志

\n 转义符标志

反向引用 $N 用于 RewriteRule 中匹配的变量调用(0 <= N <= 9)

反向引用 %N 用于 RewriteCond 中最后一个匹配的变量调用(1 <= N <= 9)


实际操作:例子:RewriteEngine on

RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^MSIE [NC,OR]

RewriteCond %{HTTP_USER_AGENT} ^Opera [NC]

RewriteRule ^.* - [F,L] 这里”-”表示没有替换,浏览器为IE和Opera的访客将被禁止访问。

例子:

RewriteEngine On

RewriteBase /test

RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME}.php -f

RewriteRule ([^/]+)$ /test/$1.php

#for example: /test/admin => /test/admin.php

RewriteRule ([^/]+)\.html$ /test/$1.php [L]

#for example: /test/admin.html => /test/admin.php

限制目录只能显示图片

< IfModule mod_rewrite.c>

RewriteEngine on

RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !^.*\.(gif|jpg|jpeg|png|swf)$

RewriteRule .*$ - [F,L]

< /IfModule>


例子2:.htaccess文件

<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
  Options +FollowSymlinks
  RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ index.php/$1 [QSA,PT,L]
 
RewriteRule ^(.*)/login\.html$                                          $1/index.php?s=Home/Public/login [L]

RewriteRule ^(.*)/gsjj\.html$                        $1/index.php?s=Home/Public/gsjj [L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)/lxfs\.html$                        $1/index.php?s=Home/Public/lxfs [L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)/logout\.html$                                         $1/index.php?s=Home/Public/logout [L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)/forgotpwd\.html$                                      $1/index.php?s=Home/Public/forgotpwd [L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)/register\.html$                                       $1/index.php?s=Home/Public/register [L]

RewriteRule ^(.*)/categoryall$                                                $1/index.php?s=Home/categoryall/index [QSA]
RewriteRule ^(.*)/categoryall/$                                                $1/index.php?s=Home/categoryall/index  [QSA]

RewriteRule ^(.*)/([a-zA-Z]+)/category$                                                $1/index.php?s=Home/category/index/tid/$2  [QSA]
RewriteRule ^(.*)/([a-zA-Z]+)/category/$                                                $1/index.php?s=Home/category/index/tid/$2  [QSA]

RewriteRule ^(.*)/product$                                                        $1/index.php?s=Home/Goods/search/ [QSA]
RewriteRule ^(.*)/product/$                                                        $1/index.php?s=Home/Goods/search/ [QSA]
RewriteRule ^(.*)/([a-zA-Z]+)/product$                                              $1/index.php?s=Home/Goods/index/tid/$2  [QSA]
RewriteRule ^(.*)/([a-zA-Z]+)/product/$                                             $1/index.php?s=Home/Goods/index/tid/$2  [QSA]


RewriteRule ^(.*)/([a-zA-Z]+)/product/list_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)_(.*)\.html$   $1/$9.htmls=Home/Goods/lists/tid/$2/cata/$3/catb/$4/catc/$5/catd/$6/cate/$7/catf/$8  [C,NC]
RewriteRule ^(.*)/([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)\.html(.*)$    $1/index.php?$5//price/$2/order/$3/p/$4  [QSA,L,NC]

RewriteRule ^(.*)/product/list1_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)_(.*)\.html$   $1/$9.htmls=Home/Goods/list1s/cata/$2/catb/$3/catc/$4/catd/$5/cate/$6/catf/$7/price/$8  [C,NC]
RewriteRule ^(.*)/([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)\.html(.*)$    $1/index.php?$4//order/$2/p/$3  [QSA,L,NC]

RewriteRule ^(.*)/([a-zA-Z]+)/product/p([0-9]+)\.html$                   $1/index.php?s=Home/Goods/detail/tid/$2/id/$3  [L]

RewriteRule ^(.*)/comment/$                                             $1/index.php?s=Home/Comments/index  [QSA]
RewriteRule ^(.*)/comment/list_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)\.html$                 $1/index.php?s=Home/Comments/lists/cid/$2/p/$3  [L]

RewriteRule ^(.*)/ask$                                                 $1/index.php?s=Home/Ask/index  [QSA]
RewriteRule ^(.*)/ask/$                                                 $1/index.php?s=Home/Ask/index  [QSA]
RewriteRule ^(.*)/ask/list_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)\.html$            $1/index.php?s=Home/Ask/lists/cid/$2/tid/$3/p/$4  [L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)/ask/p([0-9]+)\.html$                                  $1/index.php?s=Home/Ask/detail/id/$2  [L]

RewriteRule ^(.*)/news/$                                                $1/index.php?s=Home/News/index  [QSA]
RewriteRule ^(.*)/news/([0-9]+)\.html$                                  $1/index.php?s=Home/News/detail/id/$2  [L]

RewriteRule ^(.*)/mxcp$                                                 $1/index.php?s=Home/Star/index  [QSA]
RewriteRule ^(.*)/mxcp/$                                                $1/index.php?s=Home/Star/index  [QSA]
RewriteRule ^(.*)/([a-zA-Z]+)/mxcp/([0-9]+)\.html$                      $1/index.php?s=Home/Star/detail/tid/$2/id/$3  [L]

RewriteRule ^(.*)/xgzt$                                                 $1/index.php?s=Home/Special/index  [QSA]
RewriteRule ^(.*)/xgzt/$                                                $1/index.php?s=Home/Special/index  [QSA]
RewriteRule ^(.*)/xgzt/([0-9]+)\.html$                                  $1/index.php?s=Home/Special/detail/id/$2  [L]

RewriteRule ^(.*)/gallery$                                              $1/index.php?s=Home/Pics/index  [QSA]
RewriteRule ^(.*)/gallery/$                                             $1/index.php?s=Home/Pics/index  [QSA]
RewriteRule ^(.*)/gallery/list_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)_([0-9]+)\.html$     $1/index.php?s=Home/Pics/lists/cata/$2/catb/$3/catc/$4/catd/$5/cate/$6/catf/$7/cid/$8/p/$9 [QSA]
RewriteRule ^(.*)/gallery/g([0-9]+)\.html$                               $1/index.php?s=Home/Pics/detail/id/$2  [L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)/gallery/p([0-9]+)\.html$                               $1/index.php?s=Home/Pics/productindex/id/$2  [L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)/ppjs\.html$                                           $1/index.php?s=Home/Index/brandintroduction [L]

RewriteRule ^(.*)/rdjj$                                                 $1/index.php?s=Home/BrandBaike/index  [QSA]
RewriteRule ^(.*)/rdjj/$                                                $1/index.php?s=Home/BrandBaike/index  [QSA]
RewriteRule ^(.*)/rdjj/([0-9]+)\.html$                                  $1/index.php?s=Home/BrandBaike/detail/id/$2  [L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)/([a-zA-Z]+)/$                                          $1/index.php?s=Home/Channel/index/id/$2  [QSA]

RewriteRule ^(.*)/shopcart$                                        $1/index.php?s=Home/Shopcart/index [L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)/shopcart/$                                        $1/index.php?s=Home/Shopcart/index [L]

</IfModule>

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